Height: Information – prevention – advice.
4 level phenomena.
– The reduction of atmospheric pressure. At sea level pressure of 760 mmHg,
in Bolivia is an average of 415 mmHg.
– The relative reduction of oxygen.
– The drop in temperature. At altitude, the temperature drops 6.5 degrees by 1000 meters won.
The physiological manifestations are an increase in
respiratory rate, heart rate and an increase
of the oxygen carrier, the red blood cells, to
compensate for the lack of oxygen.
– The intensification of solar radiation.
Those who suffer from the altitude?
It is generally considered that altitude sickness (or “sorojche”) about 15% of people found at 2000 meters above sea level, 60%
at 4000 meters, and everyone at high altitude (over 5000 meters).
Unlike seasickness, it can happen to anyone, and age
is not a risk factor.
What are the symptoms?
“Acute mountain sickness” is a response to the lack of
the body of the acclimatization
at altitude due to a lack of oxygen. These problems
usually arise from 4 to 8 hours after arrival at altitude, and generally above 3500 m.
The symptoms of these problems include:
– Headache, a feeling of exhaustion and rapid breathing, in most cases
– Insomnia in 2 / 3 of cases
– Loss of appetite in 1 / 3 of cases
– Nausea in 1 / 3 of cases
These symptoms, frequent and regular, usually disappear on their own,
or with the help of aspirin after a few hours spent at altitude.
Altitude sickness can also reduce urine volume, accompanied by hands, ankles and face edema. In this case, the opinion of a specialist physician is required.
Contraindications for practicing trekking or mountain climbing.
– History of respiratory compromise
– Seizures and previous neuro-surgery
– Diseases required repeat injections, such as insulin-dependent
– Unstable cardiovascular disease
– Some blood disease
– Acute mountain sickness, cerebral or pulmonary edema during a previous trip
While you were in your country, we recommend visiting a doctor for a medical condition or weakness detection. We also recommend that you regularly
prior to your travel to
Bolivia, especially when walking or climbing
consider. Walk (if possible at high altitudes) or swimming will help acclimate
In Bolivia it is obligatory for a period of acclimatization before attempting any respect Andean peaks. We
recommend taking a few days in La
Paz to Lake Titicaca or bring (ride on the Isla del Sol), ideal places for short visits
We recommend that you drink plenty, particularly mate de coca (coca leaf infusion, without
We in particular ensure that your program progressive.
For all our mountaineering / hiking is
prior (and mandatory) acclimation of a few days (usually
at La Paz and
Lake Titicaca) are planned.
The rare cases of severe
at the beginning of the stay and
We see about one per two years.
In such a case, the return
to La Paz (or nearest city) is immediate.
If the problem occurs once you have a
remote area (eg
the cordillera after 5 days of trekking, a case
unlikely), it is still
always possible to quickly transport
the patient to a center or IBBA
modern medical center in La Paz.
Our advice for trekking and mountaineering.
Here is some advice to follow during
a hike or a
– Climb Slowly
and gradual. We suggest
above the 3500 meters above sea level, you do not ascend more than 700 meters
from one night to the next. From 3500 meters for example,
then you can only climb to 4500 meters (1000
m) when you sleep
lower (eg at 4000 m, the height difference between
This camp and the prior is of
Only 500 meters).
All our trekking and
climbing programs are designed to this rule
– In order to sleep well,
once in the camp, climb over the camp about
200 to 300 meters without you
backpack, try to stay about an hour and return to camp.
– Do not put yourself
(No giant steps, jumping or
– Remember to
hydrated. Warning: purification
water or your
will become victims of other
ills of a gastric nature.
– Eat well.
A well-balanced breakfast will give you the energy
needed for the effort
you spend. Each day you will trek
snacks (cereal bars, dried fruit,
– Change in
dry clothes when you get to your camp.
– Stretch after
Walk every day for pain and cramps
– Be motivated! An ascent depends on
50% on your mental strength.